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Chinese Cultural Studies:
Images

image


This page contains a summary of all the picture files available on this Brooklyn College Core 9 Chinese Culture Web site, along with their sources.

The images are divided into the following categories


There is inevitably much overlap - the images under all categories might be considered "art" for instance.


Maps

Flag: People's Republic of China

Flag: Republic of China/Taiwan

Map: The Four Great Old World River Valley Civilizations
SOURCE: locating...

Map: Asiab/w
SOURCE: unknown

Map: East Asia

SOURCE: locating...

Map: China
SOURCE: locating...

Map: China - Agricultural Regions
SOURCE: locating...

Map: China - Physical Features
SOURCE: locating...

Map: China - Modern Population Density
SOURCE: locating...

Map: China under Han dynasty
SOURCE: locating...

Map: China in the 6th Century CE
SOURCE: locating...

Changan Ch'ang-an during the Tang Dynasty SOURCE: Jacques Gernet,History of Chinese Civilization,(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982), map 14.

Map: China under Northern Song Dynasty
SOURCE: locating...

Map: China under the Northern Song Dynasty
SOURCE: Mark Kishlansky et al, Societies and Cultures in World History, (New York: HarperCollins, 1995), 319

Map: China Under Southern Song Dynasty
SOURCE: Mark Kishlansky et al, Societies and Cultures in World History, (New York: HarperCollins, 1995), 319

Map: The Mongol Empire
SOURCE: locating...

Map: China - Under Ming Dynasty
SOURCE: locating...

Map: China's Problems in the Late 19th Century
SOURCE: locating...

Map: Modern China from the Enclopedia Britannica
SOURCE: Encyclopedia Britannica

Modern China - Political Map b/w
SOURCE: adapted from David Crystal, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language, (Cambridge: Cmabridge University Press, 1987), p. 312

Chinese Dialect Map b/w
SOURCE: adapted from David Crystal, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), p. 312


Archeology

Hist. Site: "Peking Man" - early human remains
SOURCE: locating...

Hist. Site: Longshan remains
SOURCE: locating...

Hist. Site: Yangshao remains
SOURCE: locating...

Hist. Site: Xia remains 1
SOURCE: locating...

Hist. Site: Xia Remains 2
SOURCE: locating...

Art: Shang Oracle Bones 1
SOURCE: locating...

Art: Shang Oracle Bones 2
SOURCE: locating...

Hist. Site: Archeological Excavations at Qin Site
SOURCE: locating...

Hist. Site: Tomb of First Emperor at Xian, Lines of Soldier Statues
SOURCE: Albert M. Craig, et al, The Heritage of World Civilizations, 3d ed., (New York: Macmillan, 1990), p214

Hist. Site: Tomb of First Emperor at Xian, Soldier Statue close up
SOURCE: Albert M. Craig, et al, The Heritage of World Civilizations, 3d ed., (New York: Macmillan, 1990), p214


Art

Two Shang Bronze Ritual Vessals color
SOURCE: The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin - Summer 1990 (The Arts of Ancient China), p. 17.
item on left
DESCRIPTION: a ritual wine beaker (ku), bronze inlaid with pigment, 10 1/4 in high
PROVENANCE: China. Shang dynasty, early An-yang period, 13th century BCE, MMA item 1979.434
item on right
DESCRIPTION: a spouted ritual wine cup (cheh), bronze, 7 3/4 in high
PROVENANCE: China. Shang dynasty, An-yang period, 12th century BCE, MMA item 49.135.15

Art: Shang Bronze 1
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Art: Shang Bronze 2
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Art: Qin Bronze 1
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Art: Qin Burning of Books
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: Burning of Books by First Emperor
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Picture of Tomb Guardian color
SOURCE: The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin - Summer 1990 (The Arts of Ancient China), p. 55.
DESCRIPTION: A tomb guardian (Chen-mu-chou). Pottery, 12 1/4 in high
PROVENANCE: China. Northern Wei - Northern Ch'i dynasty, circa 525-575 CE, MMA item 1979.434

Picture of Han Dynasty Jar color
SOURCE: Metropolitan Museum of Art Postcard, MMA
DESCRIPTION: Painted pottery, with painted ecoration showing a hunting scene in ochre, white abd blue violet pigments. 13 25/32in high. 8 1/16 in wide.
PROVENANCE: China. Western Han dynasty, 2nd to 1st cent/ BCE

Picture of Tang Statuette color
SOURCE: The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin - Summer 1990 (The Arts of Ancient China), p. 60.
DESCRIPTION: Standing Court Lady. Pottery, 15 1/8 in high
PROVENANCE: China. Tang dynasty, cmid 7th century, MMA item 1978.345

Art: Tang Lady 2
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Art: Tang Vase 1
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Art: Tang Camel
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Art: Tang Horse
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Poetry Contest at Orchard Pavilion color
SOURCE: download from AOL
DESCRIPTION: The scene of the famous poetry contest at the Ochard Pavilion, held in 353CE. This is part of a scroll painted about 1,000 years after the event.

Song Painting color
SOURCE: Metropolitan Museum of Art Postcard, MMA 1981.278
DESCRIPTION: Detail of a handscroll. ink and color on silk/
PROVENANCE: China. by Emperor Hui-tsung, 1082-1135, reigned 1101-1125, Song dynasty.

River in Autumn color
SOURCE: Mario Bussaglio, Chinese Painting, (London: Paul Hamlyn, 1966), p. 103
DESCRIPTION: On a the River in Autumn,
PROVENANCE: China. by. Shenh Mou (active c. 1310-1361). 1361, Yuan dynasty. In National Palace and Central Museum Collections, Taichung, Taiwan.

Art: Song Poet
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Art: Song Vase 1
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Art: Statuette of Actor under Yuan Dynasty
SOURCE: Mark Kishlansky et al, Societies and Cultures in World History, (New York: HarperCollins, 1995), 328
DESCRIPTION: Pottery figure of a dancing actor
PROVENANCE: Yuan dynasty, found in 1963 in Hunan province

Mountain Landscape color
SOURCE: Mario Bussaglio, Chinese Painting, (London: Paul Hamlyn, 1966), no. 58. p. 126
DESCRIPTION: Mountain Landscape,
PROVENANCE: China. by Chu-Ta, called Pa-ta Shan-jen (1626-c.1705), Qing [Ch'ing] dynasty.

Picture of Ming Dynasty Vase color
SOURCE: Metropolitan Museum of Art Postcard, MMA item 37.191.1
DESCRIPTION: Porcelain, painted in underglaze blue. Ching-te chan ware 19in high.
PROVENANCE: China, 1426-35, Ming dynasty, Hsan-te mark and period

Art: Ming Vase 2
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Famille-rose Vase color
SOURCE: Mary Treagar, Chinese Art, (New York: Thames & Hudson, 1980), p. 181
DESCRIPTION: Small porcelain vase decorated in famille rose colors of quality known as Ku Yeh Hsuan.
PROVENANCE: China. Decorated in the Palace workshops, body made in Ching-te Chen. Mid 18th century.


Divinities

The God of Wealth in His Civil Aspect color
SOURCE: Metropolitan Museum of Art Postcard, MMA item 61.200.11
DESCRIPTION: Porcelain with silver, gilt, pearls, jade and feathers. Ching-te chan ware. 23 7/8in high.
PROVENANCE: China, late 17th-early 18th century

Divinity: Three Daoist Gods
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Divinity: A modern Buddhist Temple
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Divinity: A Ming Dynasty Temple
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Shiva as Lord of the Dance color
SOURCE: Steven Kossak, The Arts of South and Southeast Asia, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, nd. repr. from Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (Spring 1994)), p.45
DESCRIPTION:Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja). Copper alloy, 26 7/7 in high.
PROVENANCE: India (Tamil Nadu), Chola period, circa late 11th century CE. MMA item no 1987.80.1
[This has nothing to do with Chinese culture, but this is a classic case where, without any background, the image is simply impressive, but with a little background it becomes overwhelming. The background here is that Shiva is not just dancing, but treading down on evil and, literally, offering up a foot for human beings to hold onto. In other words, it is a salvation icon!]

Divinity: Relic of Shakyamuni Buddha's Finger at Famin
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Baby Buddha Taking a Bath color
SOURCE: download from American Onlone

Buddha from Gupta Period [India] color
SOURCE: Steven Kossak, The Arts of South and Southeast Asia, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, nd. repr. from Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (Spring 1994)), p. 15
DESCRIPTION: Standing Buddha. mottled red sandstone. 33 5/8 in high.
PROVENANCE: India (Mathura), Gupta period, 5th century CE, MMA item 1979.6

Buddha from Thailand (touching ground) color
SOURCE: Steven Kossak, The Arts of South and Southeast Asia, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, nd. repr. from Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (Spring 1994)), p. 17
DESCRIPTION: Seated Buddha, Chieng Sen style, 19 1/2 in high.
PROVENANCE: Thailand, late 15th-16th century CE, MMA itenm 1981.463

Buddha from Tang Dynasty color
SOURCE: Metropolitan Museum of Art Postcard, MMA item 19.186. see also The Metropoliatm Museum of Art Bulletin - Summer 1990 (The Arts of Ancient China), p. 36
DESCRIPTION: Seated Buddha. Dry lacquer with traces of gilt and polychrome pigment. 38 in High
PROVENANCE: China, Tang dynasty, circa 650 CE, originally in the Tai-fu Temple, Hopei province.

Buddha with earth-touching mudra (bhumisparsha mudra) b/w
SOURCE: The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion, ( Boston: Shambala, 1986), p. 314
DESCRIPTION: Buddha, tempted by the Buddhist devil, Mara, touches the earth to summon it as a witness to his realization of Buddhahood. It is a gesture of safety.

Divinity: Large Cult Statute of Buddha at Dongzhang
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Divinity: Buddha from Wei
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Divinity: Tang Buddha 2
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Teaching Buddha from Cave of a Thousand Buddhas b/w
SOURCE; download from AOL

DESCRIPTION: Buddha with his hands in the vitarka [teaching] mudra. Drawing from cave of a thousand Buddhas. Now in British Museum.

Drawing of Maitriya b/w
SOURCE; download from AOL
DESCRIPTION: drawing of Maitreya - Tibetan block print

Picture of Maitriya color
SOURCE: Steven Kossak, The Arts of South and Southeast Asia, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, nd. repr. from Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (Spring 1994)), p. 21
DESCRIPTION: Standing Boddhisattva Maitreya. Grey schist. 64 1/4 in high. Shows Greek influence.
PROVENANCE: Pakistan (Gandhara), Kushan period, circa late 2nd-early 3rd centuries CE.

Divinity: Maitreya 3
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Pu-tai, the laughing buddha b/w
SOURCE: The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion, ( Boston: Shambala, 1986), p. 199
DESCRIPTION: Wooden statuette of the laughing Buddha. This image, and the other of asitting very fat Pu-tai [means "hempen sack"], is one of the most attractive and popular Chinese motifs. Pu-tai was supposedly a 10th century CE monk who revealed himself as an incarnation of Maitreya, the Buddha to come [Mi-lo fo in Chinese]. Several Chinese ideals are embodied in the figure: the fat belly symbolizes wealth; his smile and realxation indicate his equanimity, and the children around him show his love of children, one of the principal Chinese virtues. His eccentric actions also express the mind of Ch'an [zen] Buddhism.

Hui-neng tears up the sutras b/w
SOURCE: The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion, ( Boston: Shambala, 1986), p. 147
DESCRIPTION: Hui-neng, 638-713, the 6th patriarch of Ch'an [zen] Buddhism, was one of the most important Ch'an masters. Ch'an rejected all the formalities of traditional Buddhism [although it eventually developed its own], including a rejection of the teaching of the sutras.
PROVENANCE: China. Water color by Liang-k'ai, 12th century CE

Picture of Kuan Yin, b/w
SOURCE: from Mark Kishlansky et al, Societies and Cultures in World History, (New York: Harper Collins, 1995), p. 224
DESCRIPTION: Wooden polychrome statute of KuanYin, sitting in royal ease.
PROVENANCE: North China, early 12th century, now in Nelson Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City MS, 34-10

Picture of Kuan Yin, b/w
SOURCE: Mary Treagar, Chinese Art, (New York: Thames & Hudson, 1980), p. 128
DESCRIPTION: White Robed Kuan Yin, ink on silk.
PROVENANCE: China. By Mu Qi [Mu Ch'i], active. c. 1269 CE

Picture of Kuan Yin, color
SOURCE: Bamber Gascoigne, The Dynasties and Treasures of China, (New York: Viking, 1973), p 98,
DESCRIPTION: Painting on silk of Kuan yin
PROVENANCE: China. Tang dynasty, braught to British Museum from Tun-huang, the location on the Silk road of many Buddhist caves and galleries.

Picture of Kuan Yin, b/w
SOURCE: Mary Treagar, Chinese Art, (New York: Thames & Hudson, 1980), p. 164
DESCRIPTION: Standing Kuan Yin carrying a basket of fish. White porcelain, (Blanc de Chine ware).
PROVENANCE: China. Te Hua, Fujian [Fukien], 17th century.

Kuan-yin sitting in Royal Ease b/w
SOURCE: The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion, ( Boston: Shambala, 1986), p. 187
DESCRIPTION: China. Wooden Statue, 12th century.

Avalokiteshvara sitting in Royal Ease b/w
SOURCE: Steven Kossak, The Arts of South and Southeast Asia, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, nd. repr. from Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (Spring 1994)), p. 80
DESCRIPTION: Avalokiteshvara sitting in royal ease. Bronze with silver inlay. 22 3/4 in high.
PROVENANCE: Cambodia (Kampuchea) or Thailand, Angkor period, circa 10th-first quarter of 11th century CE. in MMA

The Chinese Kuan Yin is the same Boddhisattva of Infinite Compassion as the Indian Avalokiteshvara. In China and Japan Kuan Yin is usually not clearly gendered, or, in later art, clearly female. In India and other Buddhist countries Avalokiteshvara is usually male!

Divinity: Kuan Yin 7
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Divinity: Kuan Yin 8
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Divinity: Kuan Yin 9
SOURCE: locating...
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming
PROVENANCE: forthcoming

Bodhidharma, founder of Ch'an Buddhism b/w
SOURCE: download from AOL
DESCRIPTION. Japanese drawing of Bodhidharma, the Indian monk who is supposed to have begun Ch'an [Zen] Buddhism in China.

The Three Gods of Fortune [San Hsing] b/w
SOURCE: The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion, ( Boston: Shambala, 1986), p. 301
DESCRIPTION: The three Daoist gods of fortune, Shou-hsing [left], Lu-hsing [center], and Fu-hsing [right]. Literally the "Three Stars".

Wen-ch'ang, the Daoist God of Literature b/w
SOURCE: The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion, ( Boston: Shambala, 1986), p. 415
DESCRIPTION: Wen-ch'ang is the constellation of six stars near the Great Bear [The Bige Dipper]. It is said that when these are bright. litearture flourishes. Wen-ch'ang was above all venerated by those who neededhelp with the official examinations for an official career. He is usally shown in the company of K'uei-shing, responsible for issuing official testimonials, and Chu-i, the red robed one, patron of those ill-prepared for official examinations. [Compare modern Roman Catholic devotion to St. Joseph of Cupertino who is invoked for unprepared examination candidates.]

The Ten Most Important Mudras b/w
SOURCE: The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion, ( Boston: Shambala, 1986), p. 233
DESCRIPTION: Drawings of the ten most important mudras. A mudra is the hand gesture in Buddhist statuary. They are [with Sanskrit names] 1. dhyani mudra [gesture of meditation], 2. vitarka mudra [gesture of teaching], 3. dharmachakra [gestures of turning the wheel of teaching], 4. bhumi-sparsha mudra [gesture of touching the earth, as a witness], 5. abhaya-mudra [gesture of fearlessness and granting protection], 6. varada mudra [gesture of granting wishes], 7. uttarbodhi mudra [gesture of supreme enlightenment], 8. mudra of supreme wisdom, 9. anjali mudra [gesture of greeting and veneration], 10. vajrapradama mudra [gesture of unshakeable confidence].


People

Confucius b/w
SOURCE: unknown

People: Picture of Confucius
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Laozi
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Mengzi Mencius
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Sunzi Sun tzu, author of the Art of War
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: The Duke of Zhou
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

The First Emperor b/w
SOURCE: unsure
DESCRIPTION: Later painting of the first Qin [Ch'in] emperor

People: Qin Shi Huang di
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Emperor Huangdi
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Founder of Han Dynasty
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Founder of Sui Dynasty
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Founder of Tang Dynasty
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Second Emperor of Tang Dynasty
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: The Empress Wu
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Founder of Song Dynasty
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Zhuxi - founder of 'neo-confucianism
SOURCE: Albert M. Craig, et al, The Heritage of World Civilizations, 3d ed., (New York: Macmillan, 1990), p248, from National Palace Museum, Taiwan.
DESCRIPTION: Zhuxi Chu Hsi, 1130-1200 CE

People: Genghis Khan
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Kublai Khan
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Kublai Khan 2
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Marco Polo
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Founder of Ming Dynasty
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Wang Meng
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Zhang he
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Zhang he 2
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: Zhang he 3
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

People: The Jesuit Missionary, Matthew Ricci
SOURCE: Mark Kishlansky et al, Societies and Cultures in World History, (New York: HarperCollins, 1995), 697
DESCRIPTION: Matthew Ricc SJ and Ly Paulus, one of his Chinese converts

People: The Emperor Kangxi K'ang Hsi
SOURCE: Jonathan Spence, The Search for Modern China, (New York: W.W. Norton, 1990), illustration btw pp. 36-37
DESCRIPTION: Kangxi in his study - the "Confucian" ruler

The Qian Long [Ch'ien-lung] Emperor color
SOURCE: Metropolitan Museum of Art Postcard, MMA item 42.141.8.
DESCRIPTION: The emperor as a young man. Detail from handscroll. colors on silk.

People: Cixi Tse hsi The Dowger Empress
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: Portrait of Cixi in her later years.

People: Cixi Tse hsi The Dowger Empress
SOURCE: Jonathan Spence, The Search for Modern China, (New York: W.W. Norton, 1990), illustration btw pp. 228-229
DESCRIPTION: Larger version of previous

People: Henry Pu Yi as a child - the "Last Emperor" of China [so far]
SOURCE: Jonathan Spence, The Search for Modern China, (New York: W.W. Norton, 1990), illustration btw pp. 228-229
DESCRIPTION: Pu Yi, age 6, on Feb 12, 1908

Picture of Ning Lao T'ai-tai b/w
SOURCE: frontispiece of the book
DESCRIPTION: Picture of the heroine of Ida Pruit, A Daughter of Han: The Autobiography of a a Chinese Working Women, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1945, repr. Stanford University Press, 1967)

Sun Yat Sen b/w
SOURCE: Jonathan Spence, The Gate of Heavenly Peace, (New York: Penguin, 1982), illustration No. 9 or Jacques Gernet, A History of Chinese Civilization, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982), plate 72.
DESCRIPTION: Sun Yat Sen as provisional president of the new Chinese Republic, January 1912

Chiang Kai-shek b/w
SOURCE: Jacques Gernet, A History of Chinese Civilization, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982), plate 77
DESCRIPTION: Chiang Kai-shek [pinyin Jiang Jieshi] in London in 1942,

The writer Lu Xun b/w
SOURCE: Jonathan Spence, The Gate of Heavenly Peace, (New York: Penguin, 1982), illustration No. 49
DESCRIPTION: Lu Xun [Lu Hsun] photographer in Shanghai in 1935

Chaiman Mao b/w
SOURCE: frontispiece of Selected Works of Mao Tse-Tung, Vol. 1, (Peking: Foreign Language Press, 1975)
DESCRIPTION: Formal portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong [Mao Tse-tung].

Chaiman Mao b/w
SOURCE: Jonathan Spence, The Search for Modern China, (New York: W.W. Norton, 1990), illustration btw pp. 644-645
DESCRIPTION: Picture of China' Current Leader, Deng Xiaoping [Teng Hsiao-ping].

Monk Doing Zazen b/w
SOURCE: The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion, ( Boston: Shambala, 1986), p. 440
DESCRIPTION: Japanese monk on wooden platform doing zazen (Chin. tso-ch'an), literally "sitting meditation".

Paul Halsall b/w
DESCRIPTION: Paul Halsall, compiler of these pages.


Historical Sites

Picture of The Great Wall, color
SOURCE: download from AOL
DESCRIPTION: View of Great Wall of China

Another Picture of The Great Wall, color
SOURCE: download from AOL
DESCRIPTION: View of Great Wall of China

Hist. Site.: Another view of the Great Wall
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Site.: The Grand Canal in the 19th Century CE
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Site: Kaifeng
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Site: Peking - Hall of Harmony
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Site: Peking - Dragon Throne
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Site: Peking - Walls
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming


Historical Illustrations

The Yangzi River
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist Illus.: Mongol Archers
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Illus.: The Ming Tribute System
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Illus.: Chinese View of an 18th Century English Sailor
SOURCE: Jonathan Spence, The Search for Modern China, (New York: W.W. Norton, 1990), illustration btw pp. 132-133
DESCRIPTION: A Chinese skecth of an English sailor in 1839

Hist. Illus.: The Goddess of Democracy, Tienanmen Square
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Illus.: The Goddess of Democracy, Tienanmen Square
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Illus.: Tienanmen Square: Student Stops Tanks
SOURCE: Jonathan Spence, The Search for Modern China, (New York: W.W. Norton, 1990), illustration btw pp. 740-741
DESCRIPTION: Famous news phot of student standing in front of tanks in 1989


Technology

Technology: The earliest printed book - 868 CE
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Technology: Use of the Plow in China
SOURCE: Mark Kishlansky et al, Societies and Cultures in World History, (New York: HarperCollins, 1995), 682
DESCRIPTION: Farmer operating a combination polw and seeder, pulled by a water buffalo

Technology: Making of Silk
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Technology: Chinese Canon from 1368
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Technology: Chinese Use of Paper
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Technology: Early Chinese Star Mapping
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Technology: Use of Tea
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Technology: Use of Crossbow
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Technology: Tang Dynasty Coin
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Technology: Early Paper Money
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Technology: A Ming Dynasty Wheelbarrow
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming


Customs

Picture of Woman With Feet Unbound b/w
SOURCE: Bamber Gascoigne, The Dynasties and Treasures of China, (New York: Viking, 1973), p231, [picture originally from Howard S. Levy, Chinese Footbinding, (London: Neville Spearaman, date?), p. 73]
DESCRIPTION: Chinese lady exposing her feet with the bindings off (in the cause or reform)

Picture of Unbound Feet Close Up b/w
SOURCE: Elaine Hatfield and Susan Sprecher, Mirror, Mirror, (Albany NY: SUNY Press, 1986), p. 233
DESCRIPTION: close up picture of "unbound bound feet" showing the "folding" of the toes under the foot.

Custom: Woman with bound feet (shoed)
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Custom: A bound foot - closeup
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Picture of a Eunuch Exposing Lack of Genitalia b/w
SOURCE: Bamber Gascoigne, The Dynasties and Treasures of China, (New York: Viking, 1973), p231, [picture originally from J.-J Matignon, Superstition, Crime et Misre en Chine, (Paris: 1899), p. 183]
DESCRIPTION: Chinese eunuch exposing his pubic region to demonstrate extent of castration customs

Picture of Opium Smokers b/w
SOURCE: from Mark Kishlansky et al, Societies and Cultures in World History, (New York: Harper Collins, 1995), p. 942
DESCRIPTION: two men smoke opium. such photgraphs were in great demand in the West, which said less, though, about the western role in drug trafficking

Picture of New Year's Dragon color
SOURCE: download from AOL
DESCRIPTION: Picture of dragon in frenzy at Chinese New Year celebrations

Picture of a Chinese Typewriter b/w
SOURCE: David Crystal, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language, (Cambridge: Cmabridge University Press, 1987), p. 313
DESCRIPTION: the complexity of classical Chinese writing is illustrated by the device of the Chinese typewriter. The tray contains over 2000 characters, with several thousand more being available in other trays. The typist first aligns the tray, then presses a key which makes an arm pick up the required character and stroke it against the paper. The machine can type vertically and horizontally. It is slow - good typists average at the most 20 characters per minute.

Yin-Yang Symbol b/w


Stereotypes

Anti-Chinese Cartoon from 1877 bw
SOURCE: Herbert S. Gutman et al, Who Bult America, Vol 1, (New York: Pantheon, 1989), p. 542
DESCRIPTION: Cartoon from The San Francisco Illustrated Wasp 2:71 of 1877 which expressed white working class racism.


Middle East Images

People: Later Western European Painting of Muhammad
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Site: The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming

Hist. Site: The Ka'aba in Mecca
SOURCE: unsure or forthcoming
DESCRIPTION: forthcoming


The author and maintainer of this site is Paul Halsall [a picture!] . He can be contacted by email at halsall@murray.fordham.edu

Please do not hesitate to mail comments or suggestions.